Resources for Researchers

This page contains multiple resources for researchers, including a list of our tests, information for potential collaborators, and a detailed bibliography of all science papers written about synaesthesia. We also point researchers to our FAQ page.

Our Tests

Our research lab has generated a large number of tests for researchers, which are described below, with the related citations. This syntoolkit has been developed by the University of Sussex, funded by the ESRC and the ERC.

 

Synaesthesia in Adults

Sequence-space synaesthesia (seeing numbers, weekdays or months in space)

Ward, J., Ipser, A., Phanvanova, E., Brown, P., Bunte, I., & Simner, J. (2018). The prevalence and cognitive profile of sequence-space synaesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 61, 79-93.

 

Grapheme-colour synaesthesia (coloured letters and numbers)

Simner, J., Ipser, A., Smees, R., & Alvarez, J. (2017). Does synaesthesia age? Changes in the quality and consistency of synaesthetic associations. Neuropsychologia, 106, 407-416.

 

Compound word-colour

Mankin, J. L., Thompson, C., Branigan, H. P., & Simner, J. (2016). Processing compound words: Evidence from synaesthesia. Cognition, 150, 1-9.

 

Grapheme-personality synaesthesia (aka ordinal linguistic personification; letters/numbers with personality)

Simner, J.,  Hughes, J.E.A., & Sagiv, N. (2019). Objectum sexuality: A sexual orientation linked with autism and synaesthesia. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-8.

Hughes, J.E.A., Ipser, A., & Simner, J. (in prep). The MULTISENSE Online Test for Sequence-Personality Synaesthesia.

 

Lexical gustatory synaesthesia (tasting words)

Ipser, A., Ward, J. & Simner, J. (2020) The MULTISENSE test of lexical-gustatory synaesthesia: an automated online diagnostic. Behavior Research Methods, 52, 544–560.

 

Chinese characters-colour

Hung, W. Y., Simner, J., Shillcock, R., & Eagleman, D. M. (2014). Synaesthesia in Chinese characters: The role of radical function and position. Consciousness and cognition, 24, 38-48.

 

Sound-colour synaesthesia (coloured music)

Ward J, Huckstep B, Tsakanikos E. (2006) Sound-colour synaesthesia: to what extent does it use cross-modal mechanisms common to us all? Cortex, 42(2):264-80.

Simner J, Mulvenna C, Sagiv N, Tsakanikos E, Witherby SA, Fraser C, Scott K, Ward J. (2006) Synaesthesia: the prevalence of atypical cross-modal experiences. Perception, 35(8):1024-33.

 

 

Synaesthesia in Children

Adolescent Grapheme-colour synaesthesia (coloured letters and numbers)

Smees, R., Hughes, JEA., Carmichael, DA., & Simner, J. (2019). Learning in colour: children with grapheme-colour synaesthesia show cognitive benefits in vocabulary and self-evaluated reading. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society b - Biological Sciences, 374, 1787.

 

Children Grapheme-colour synaesthesia (coloured letters and numbers)

Rinaldi, L. J., Smees, R., Carmichael, D. A., & Simner, J. (2020). Numeracy skills in child synaesthetes: evidence from grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Cortex, 126:141-152.

 

Children Grapheme-personality synaesthesia (aka ordinal linguistic personification; letters/numbers with personality)

Rinaldi, L.J., Smees R., Carmichael, D.A., & Simner, J. (2020). What is the personality profile of a child synaesthete? Frontiers in Biosciences, 12 (1), 162-182.

 

 

 

Related tests (on cross-modality, or administered to synaesthetes)

Adult’s Cognitive Styles

Mealor, A.D., Simner, J., Rothen, N., Carmichael, D.A., Ward, J. (2016) Different Dimensions of Cognitive Style in Typical and Atypical Cognition: New Evidence and a New Measurement Tool. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155483.

 

Children’s Well-being

Smees, R., Rinaldi, L.J. & Simner, J. (2020). Well-Being Measures for Younger Children. Psychological Assessment, 32 (2), 154-169.

 

Children’s Personality

Rinaldi L, Smees, R., Carmichael, D., Simner, J. (in review). Big Five Personality Instruments for Parents and Children 6+ years: The Pictorial BFI-10-c; the Definitional BFI-44-c, and the BFI-44-parent.

 

Children’s creative orientation

Simner, J; Smees, R., Rinaldi, L.J. and McDonald, T.J. (in prep). A novel measure of children’s inclinations towards creative activities: The Children’s Creative Orientation Test (C-COT).

 

Children’s Sensory Sensitivities

Smees, R., Rinaldi, L.J., Simmons, D.R., and Simner, J. (in review). Measuring Sensory Sensitivities in Children: The Parent-completed Glasgow Sensory Questionnaire (GSQ-P).

 

Cross modality tests for domestic dogs

Korzeniowska, A T, Root-Gutteridge, H, Simner, J and Reby, D (2019) Audio-visual crossmodal correspondences in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Biology Letters, 15 (11). pp. 1-5.

 

 

Potential Research Collaborators

You can find out more about our team in the main menu (about section), as well as our contact details for potential collaborations. 

 

In many cases, our tests above can be replicated from the information provided in the citations shown (thank you for citing these papers). Other the tests above are available to be shared online for those who wish to collaborate.

 

 

Bibliography for Synaesthesia Researchers

 

SELECTED BOOKS

Cytowic, R. E. (2003). The man who tasted shapes. Imprint Academic.

 

Cytowic, R. E., & Eagleman, D. (2011). Wednesday is indigo blue: Discovering the brain of synesthesia. Mit Press.

 

Simner, J. (2019). Synaesthesia: A very short Introduction  (Vol. 608). Oxford University Press, USA.

 

Simner, J., & Hubbard, E. M. (Eds.). (2013). Oxford handbook of synesthesia. Oxford University Press.

 

Ward, J. (2009). The frog who croaked blue: Synesthesia and the mixing of the senses. Routledge.

 

 

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Listed are journal publications from our lab, and references from outside of our lab containing either “synesthesia”  or “synaesthesia” in the title, published in English, relating to to perceptual synaesthesia, between 2011- 2020. Earlier literature can be found on the University of Sussex dedicated Synaesthesia publications page.

2021

Arias, D. J., & Saint-Amour, D. (2021) Synesthesia does not help to recover perceptual dominance following flash suppression. Scientific reports, 11(1), 1-10.

 

Borgolte, A., Bransi, A., Seifert, J., Toto, S., Szycik, G. R., & Sinke, C. (2021) Audiovisual Simultaneity Judgements in Synaesthesia. Multisensory Research, 1(aop), 1-12.

 

Dance, C. J., Jaquiery, M., Eagleman, D. M., Porteous, D., Zeman, A., & Simner, J. (2021) What is the relationship between Aphantasia, Synaesthesia and Autism?. Consciousness and Cognition, 89, 103087.

 

Erickson, J. M., & Huijon, M. (2021) Fluoxetine Worsened Sound-Color Synesthesia: Case Report and Literature Review. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 33 (3), 229-239.

 

Gennaro, R. J. (2021) Synesthesia, hallucination, and autism. Frontiers in Bioscience, 26.

 

Glasser, S. (2021) Perceiving Music Through the Lens of Synaesthesia and Absolute Pitch. Perception, 50(8), 690-708.

 

Kirsch, L. P., Job, X., & Auvray, M. (2020) Mixing up the Senses: Sensory Substitution Is Not a Form of Artificially Induced Synaesthesia. Multisensory Research, 34(3), 297-322.

 

Laeng, B., Flaaten, C. B., Walle, K. M., Hochkeppler, A., & Specht, K. (2021) “Mickey Mousing” in the Brain: Motion-Sound Synesthesia and the Subcortical Substrate of Audio-Visual Integration. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 15, 43.

 

Makioka, S. (2021) Idiosyncratic spatial representations of the days of the week in individuals without synesthesia. Cognition, 207, 104500.

 

Maurer, D., Ghloum, J. K., Gibson, L. C., Watson, M. R., Chen, L. M., Akins, K., ... & Werker, J. F. (2020) Reduced perceptual narrowing in synesthesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(18), 10089-10096.

 

Neufeld, J., Van Leeuwen, T., Wilsson, L., Norrman, H., Dingemanse, M., & Bölte, S. (2021) Perceptual processing links autism and synesthesia: A twin study. European Psychiatry, 64(S1), S132-S132.

 

Ovalle-Fresa, R., Ankner, S., & Rothen, N. (2021) Enhanced perception and memory: Insights from synesthesia and expertise. Cortex, 140, 14-25.

 

Propper, R. E., Wylie, G. R., & Villafana, M. (2021) An internet-based survey of synesthesia in multiple sclerosis: Incidence, characteristics and implications. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 54, 103121

 

Root, N., Asano, M., Melero, H., Kim, C. Y., Sidoroff-Dorso, A. V., Vatakis, A., ... & Rouw, R. (2021) Do the colors of your letters depend on your language? Language-dependent and universal influences on grapheme-color synesthesia in seven languages. Consciousness and Cognition, 95, 103192.

 

Simner, J., Smees, R., Rinaldi, L. J., & Carmichael, D. A. (2021) Wellbeing differences in children with synaesthesia: anxiety and mood regulation. Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition), 13, 195-215.

 

Uno, K., Asano, M., & Yokosawa, K. (2021) Consistency of synesthetic association varies with grapheme familiarity: A longitudinal study of grapheme-color synesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition, 89, 103090.

 

van Leeuwen, T. M., Sauer, A., Jurjut, A. M., Wibral, M., Uhlhaas, P. J., Singer, W., & Melloni, L. (2021) Perceptual gains and losses in synesthesia and schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 47(3), 722-730.

 

Ward, J., Baykova, R., Dyson, B., Chew, J., Schreiter, M. L., Beste, C., & Sherman, M. (2021) A distinct electrophysiological signature for synaesthesia that is independent of individual differences in sensory sensitivity. Cortex, 139, 249-266.

 

Ward, J. (2021) Synaesthesia as a model system for understanding variation in the human mind and brain. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 1-20.

 

Ward, J. (2021) Is synaesthesia a predisposing factor to post-traumatic stress disorder?. Frontiers in Bioscience-Scholar, 13, 14-16.

 

2020

Arend, I., Yuen, K., Ashkenazi, S., & Henik, A. (2020) Space counts! Brain correlates of spatial and numerical representations in synaesthesia. Cortex, 122, 300-310.

 

Basirat, A., & Hupé, J. M. (2020) Synesthesia in children with difficulties in written language learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 82, 102951.

 

Berger, J. J., Harris, I. M., Whittingham, K. M., Terpening, Z., & Watson, J. D. (2020) Substantiating synesthesia: a novel aid in a case of grapheme-colour synesthesia and concomitant dyscalculia. Neurocase, 26(1), 29-35.

 

Brang, D., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2020) How do crossmodal correspondences and multisensory processes relate to synesthesia?. In Multisensory Perception (pp. 259-281) Academic Press.

 

Burghoorn, F., Dingemanse, M., van Lier, R., & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2020) The relation between autistic traits, the degree of synaesthesia, and local/global visual perception. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 50(1), 12-29.

 

Curwen, C. (2020) Music-Colour Synaesthesia: A Sensorimotor Account. Musicae Scientiae, 1029864920956295.

 

Hamada, D., Yamamoto, H., & Saiki, J. (2020) Association between synesthetic colors and sensitivity to physical colors changed by type of synesthetic experience in grapheme-color synesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 83, 102973.

 

Ipser, A., Ward, J. & Simner, J. (2020) The MULTISENSE Test of Lexical–Gustatory Synaesthesia: An automated online diagnostic. Behav Res 52, 544–560.

 

Lungu, L., Stewart, R., Luke, D. P., & Terhune, D. B. (2020) Primary visual cortex excitability is not atypical in acquired synaesthesia. Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation, 13(2), 341-342.

 

Lunke, K., & Meier, B. (2020) A persistent memory advantage is specific to grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-8.

 

Lush, P., Botan, V., Scott, R. B., Seth, A. K., Ward, J., & Dienes, Z. (2020) Trait phenomenological control predicts experience of mirror synaesthesia and the rubber hand illusion. Nature communications, 11(1), 1-10.

 

Kirsch, L. P., Job, X., & Auvray, M. (2020) Mixing up the Senses: Sensory Substitution Is Not a Form of Artificially Induced Synaesthesia. Multisensory Research, 34(3), 297-322.

 

Jewanski, J., Simner, J., Day, S. A., Rothen, N., & Ward, J. (2020) The “golden age” of synesthesia inquiry in the late nineteenth century (1876–1895) Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 29(2), 175-202.

 

Jewanski, J., Simner, J., Day, S. A., Rothen, N., & Ward, J. (2020) The evolution of the concept of synesthesia in the nineteenth century as revealed through the history of its name. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 29(3), 259-285.

 

Jewanski, J., Simner, J., Day, S. A., Rothen, N., & Ward, J. (2020) Recognizing synesthesia on the international stage: The first scientific symposium on synesthesia (at The International Conference of Physiological Psychology, Paris, 1889) Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 29(4), 357-384.

 

Kirsch, L. P., Job, X., & Auvray, M. (2020) Mixing up the Senses: Sensory Substitution Is Not a Form of Artificially Induced Synaesthesia. Multisensory Research, 34(3), 297-322.

 

Maurer, D., Ghloum, J. K., Gibson, L. C., Watson, M. R., Chen, L. M., Akins, K., ... & Werker, J. F. (2020) Reduced perceptual narrowing in synesthesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(18), 10089-10096.

 

Mealor, A. D., Simner, J., & Ward, J. (2020) Does synaesthesia protect against age‐related memory loss?. Journal or Neuropsychology, 14, 197-212.

 

Nanay, B. (2020) Synesthesia as (multimodal) mental imagery. Multisensory Research, 34(3), 281-296.

 

Riedel, A., Maier, S., Wenzler, K., Feige, B., van Elst, L. T., Bölte, S., & Neufeld, J. (2020) A case of co-occuring synesthesia, autism, prodigious talent and strong structural brain connectivity. BMC psychiatry, 20(1), 1-11.

 

Rinaldi, Louisa J., Rebecca Smees, Duncan A. Carmichael, and Julia Simner. "Numeracy skills in child synaesthetes: Evidence from grapheme-colour synaesthesia." Cortex, 126, 141-152.

 

Root, N., Bhattacharyya, P., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2020) Grapheme–Color Synesthesia in an Abugida: a Bengali Case Study. Multisensory Research, 34(2), 187-218.

 

Rothen, N., Berry, C. J., Seth, A. K., Oligschläger, S., & Ward, J. (2020) A single system account of enhanced recognition memory in synaesthesia. Memory & cognition, 48(2), 188-199.

 

Ruiz, M. J., Dojat, M., & Hupé, J. M. (2020) Multivariate pattern analysis of fMRI data for imaginary and real colours in grapheme–colour synaesthesia. European Journal of Neuroscience, 52(5), 3434-3456.

 

Simmonds-Moore, C. (2020) Synesthesia and the Perception of Unseen Realities. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 0022167820918691.

 

Tilot, A. K., Vino, A., Kucera, K. S., Carmichael, D. A., Van den Heuvel, L., Den Hoed, J., ... & Fisher, S. E. (2019) Investigating genetic links between grapheme–colour synaesthesia and neuropsychiatric traits. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20190026.

 

Ward, J., & Filiz, G. (2020) Synaesthesia is linked to a distinctive and heritable cognitive profile. Cortex, 126.

 

van Leeuwen, T. M., Neufeld, J., Hughes, J., & Ward, J. (2020) Synaesthesia and autism: Different developmental outcomes from overlapping mechanisms?. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 37(7-8), 433-449.

 

 

2019

 

Berger, J. J., Harris, I. M., Whittingham, K. M., Terpening, Z., & Watson, J. D. (2020) Substantiating synesthesia: a novel aid in a case of grapheme-colour synesthesia and concomitant dyscalculia. Neurocase, 26(1), 29-35.

 

Bouvet, L., Amsellem, F., Maruani, A., Dupont, A. T. V., Mathieu, A., Bourgeron, T., ... & Mottron, L. (2019) Synesthesia & autistic features in a large family: Evidence for spatial imagery as a common factor. Behavioural brain research, 362, 266-272.

 

Brang, D., & Ahn, E. (2019) Double-blind study of visual imagery in grapheme-color synesthesia. Cortex, 117, 89-95.

 

Carmichael, D. A., Smees, R., Shillcock, R. C., & Simner, J. (2019) Is there a burden attached to synaesthesia? Health screening of synaesthetes in the general population. British Journal of Psychology, 110(3), 530-548.

 

Craver-Lemley, C., & Reeves, A. (2019) Taste Modulator Influences Rare Case of Color-Gustatory Synesthesia. Brain sciences, 9(8), 186.

 

Chromý, J., Borůvková, M., Malá, L., & Sudzinová, T. (2019) Long-term versus short-term consistency in the grapheme–colour synaesthesia: Grapheme–colour pairings can change in adulthood. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81(6), 1805-1812.

 

Cuskley, C., Dingemanse, M., Kirby, S., & Van Leeuwen, T. M. (2019) Cross-modal associations and synesthesia: Categorical perception and structure in vowel–color mappings in a large online sample. Behavior research methods, 51(4), 1651-1675.

 

Hoffman, S. N., Urosevich, T. G., Kirchner, H. L., Boscarino, J. J., Dugan, R. J., Withey, C. A., ... & Boscarino, J. A. (2019) Grapheme-color synesthesia is associated with PTSD among deployed veterans: confirmation of previous findings and need for additional research. International journal of emergency mental health, 21(1).

 

Fisher, S. E., & Tilot, A. K. (2019) Bridging senses: novel insights from synaesthesia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374, 20190022.

 

Hughes, J. E., Gruffydd, E., Simner, J., & Ward, J. (2019) Synaesthetes show advantages in savant skill acquisition: training calendar calculation in sequence-space synaesthesia. Cortex, 113, 67-82.

 

Ioumpa, K., Graham, S. A., Clausner, T., Fisher, S. E., Van Lier, R., & Van Leeuwen, T. M. (2019) Enhanced self-reported affect and prosocial behaviour without differential physiological responses in mirror-sensory synaesthesia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20190395.

 

Itoh, K., Sakata, H., Igarashi, H., & Nakada, T. (2019) Automaticity of pitch class-color synesthesia as revealed by a Stroop-like effect. Consciousness and cognition, 71, 86-91.

 

Jewanski, J., Simner, J., Day, S. A., Rothen, N., & Ward, J. (2020) The evolution of the concept of synesthesia in the nineteenth century as revealed through the history of its name. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 29(3), 259-285.

 

Lalwani, P., & Brang, D. (2019) Stochastic resonance model of synaesthesia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20190029.

 

Lunke, K., & Meier, B. (2019) Creativity and involvement in art in different types of synaesthesia. British journal of psychology, 110(4), 727-744.

 

Mankin, J. L. (2019) Deepening understanding of language through synaesthesia: a call to reform and expand. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20180350. 

 

Nair, A., & Brang, D. (2019) Inducing synesthesia in non-synesthetes: short-term visual deprivation facilitates auditory-evoked visual percepts. Consciousness and cognition, 70, 70-79.

 

O'Dowd, A., Cooney, S. M., McGovern, D. P., & Newell, F. N. (2019) Do synaesthesia and mental imagery tap into similar cross-modal processes?. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20180359.

 

Price, M. C., & Mattingley, J. B. (2013) Automaticity in sequence-space synaesthesia: a critical appraisal of the evidence. Cortex, 49(5), 1165-1186.

 

Ranzini, M., & Girelli, L. (2019) Colours+ Numbers differs from colours of numbers: cognitive and visual illusions in grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81(5), 1500-1511.

 

Schwartzman, D. J., Bor, D., Rothen, N., & Seth, A. K. (2019) Neurophenomenology of induced and natural synaesthesia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20190030.

 

Schreiter, M. L., Chmielewski, W. X., Ward, J., & Beste, C. (2019) How non-veridical perception drives actions in healthy humans: evidence from synaesthesia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20180574.

 

Simner, J., Hughes, J. E., & Sagiv, N. (2019) Objectum sexuality: A sexual orientation linked with autism and synaesthesia. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-8.

 

Smees, R., Hughes, J., Carmichael, D. A., & Simner, J. (2019) Learning in colour: children with grapheme-colour synaesthesia show cognitive benefits in vocabulary and self-evaluated reading. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20180348.

 

Tilot, Amanda K., Arianna Vino, Katerina S. Kucera, Duncan A. Carmichael, Loes Van den Heuvel, Joery Den Hoed, Anton V. Sidoroff-Dorso et al. "Investigating genetic links between grapheme–colour synaesthesia and neuropsychiatric traits." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374, no. 1787 (2019): 20190026.

 

van Leeuwen, T. M., Druyvesteyn, M., Donaldson, C. K., Petersen, E. V., Dongen-Boomsma, M. V., Buitelaar, J. K., ... & van Lier, R. J. (2019) EEG signatures of local/global perception in children with an increased likelihood of synaesthesia and children with autism spectrum disorder. Perception, 48, 20-21.

 

Van Leeuwen, T. M., Van Petersen, E., Burghoorn, F., Dingemanse, M., & Van Lier, R. (2019) Autistic traits in synaesthesia: Atypical sensory sensitivity and enhanced perception of details. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20190024.

 

Ward, J., Field, A. P., & Chin, T. (2019) A meta-analysis of memory ability in synaesthesia. Memory, 27(9), 1299-1312.

 

Ward, J. (2019) Synaesthesia: A distinct entity that is an emergent feature of adaptive neurocognitive differences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374(1787), 20180351.

 

Ward, J. (2019) The co-occurrence of mirror-touch with other types of synaesthesia. Perception, 48(11), 1146-1152.

 

Yanakieva, S., Luke, D. P., Jansari, A., & Terhune, D. B. (2019) Acquired synaesthesia following 2C-B use. Psychopharmacology, 236(7), 2287-2289.

 

Zhao, Q., Huang, C. R., & Ahrens, K. (2019) Directionality of linguistic synesthesia in Mandarin: A corpus-based study. Lingua, 232, 102744.

 

 

2018

Arend, I., Yuen, K., Sagi, N., & Henik, A. (2018) Neuroanatomical basis of number synaesthesias: A voxel-based morphometry study. Cortex, 101, 172-180.

 

Botan, V., Fan, S., Critchley, H., & Ward, J. (2018) Atypical susceptibility to the rubber hand illusion linked to sensory-localised vicarious pain perception. Consciousness and Cognition, 60, 62-71.

 

Brauchli, C., Elmer, S., Rogenmoser, L., Burkhard, A., & Jäncke, L. (2018) Top–down signal transmission and global hyperconnectivity in auditory‐visual synesthesia: Evidence from a functional E EG resting‐state study. Human brain mapping, 39(1), 522-531.

 

Chin, T., & Ward, J. (2018) Synaesthesia is linked to more vivid and detailed content of autobiographical memories and less fading of childhood memories. Memory, 26(6), 844-851.

 

Curwen, C. (2018) Music-colour synaesthesia: concept, context and qualia. Consciousness and cognition, 61, 94-106.

 

Drew, S. A., Awad, J. F., Hackney, B. C., & Fenn, E. (2018) Orange is less than green: An examination of bidirectionality in grapheme-color synesthesia. Perception, 47(8), 881-891.

 

Fassnidge, C., & Freeman, E. D. (2018) The Sound of Silent Motion: Converging Support for a Disinhibition Account of Visual-to-Auditory Synaesthesia. Perception, 47(5), 557.

 

Fornazzari, L., Leggieri, M., Schweizer, T. A., Arizaga, R. L., Allegri, R. F., & Fischer, C. E. (2018) Hyper memory, synaesthesia, savants Luria and Borges revisited. Dementia & neuropsychologia, 12(2), 101-104.

 

Hamilton-Fletcher, G., Pisanski, K., Reby, D., Stefaticzyk, M., Ward, J., & Sorokowska, A. (2018) The role of visual experience in the emergence of cross-modal correspondences. Cognition, 175, 114-121.

 

Hossain, S. R., Simner, J., & Ipser, A. (2018) Personality predicts the vibrancy of colour imagery: The case of synaesthesia. Cortex, 105, 74-82.

 

Itoh, K., & Nakada, T. (2018) Absolute pitch is not necessary for pitch class-color synesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 65, 169-181.

 

Lunke, K., & Meier, B. (2018) New insights into mechanisms of enhanced synaesthetic memory: Benefits are synaesthesia-type-specific. PloS one, 13(9), e0203055.

 

Keun Park, C. H., Kim, S., Shin, J. S., Kim, D., & Ahn, Y. M. (2018) Synesthesia occurring after the use of Japanese kiken drugs: A case report. Psychiatria Danubina, 30(2), 223-226.

 

Pierce, J. P. (2018) Transthesia: Comparing the Prevalence of Synesthesia in Transgender and Cisgender Individuals. Transgender health, 3(1), 154-158.

 

Root, N. B., Rouw, R., Asano, M., Kim, C. Y., Melero, H., Yokosawa, K., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2018) Why is the synesthete's “A” red? Using a five-language dataset to disentangle the effects of shape, sound, semantics, and ordinality on inducer–concurrent relationships in grapheme-color synesthesia. cortex, 99, 375-389.

 

Rothen, N., Seth, A. K., & Ward, J. (2018) Synesthesia improves sensory memory, when perceptual awareness is high. Vision research, 153, 1-6.

 

Simner, J., & Bain, A. E. (2018) Do children with grapheme-colour synaesthesia show cognitive benefits? British Journal of Psychology, 109(1), 118-136.

 

Speed, L. J., & Majid, A. (2018) Superior olfactory language and cognition in odor-color synaesthesia. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44(3), 468.

 

Tilot, A. K., Kucera, K. S., Vino, A., Asher, J. E., Baron-Cohen, S., & Fisher, S. E. (2018) Rare variants in axonogenesis genes connect three families with sound–color synesthesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(12), 3168-3173.

 

Ward, J., Ipser, A., Phanvanova, E., Brown, P., Bunte, I., & Simner, J. (2018) The prevalence and cognitive profile of sequence-space synaesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition, 61, 79-93.

 

Ward, J., Schnakenberg, P., & Banissy, M. J. (2018) The relationship between mirror-touch synaesthesia and empathy: New evidence and a new screening tool. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 35(5-6), 314-332.

 

Ward, J., Brown, P., Sherwood, J., & Simner, J. (2018) An autistic-like profile of attention and perception in synaesthesia. Cortex, 107, 121-130.

 

White, R. C., Dumbalska, T., Duta, M. D., & Nation, K. (2018) “17” is odd and “seventeen” is even: Meaning and physical form in stimulus-parity synaesthesia. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(9), 2005-2021.

 

Zhao, Q., Huang, C. R., & Long, Y. (2018) Synaesthesia in Chinese: A corpus-based study on gustatory adjectives in Mandarin. Linguistics, 56(5), 1167-1194.

 

Young, M. (2018) Mirror Synesthesia and the Limits of Misidentification. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, 25(3), 169-172.

 

 

2017

Amsel, B. D., Kutas, M., & Coulson, S. (2017) Projectors, associators, visual imagery, and the time course of visual processing in grapheme-color synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 8(4), 206-223.

 

Arend, I., Ashkenazi, S., Yuen, K., Ofir, S., & Henik, A. (2017) Automatic numerical-spatial association in synaesthesia: An fMRI investigation. Neuropsychologia, 95, 259-266.

 

Banno, H., Koga, H., Yamamoto, H., & Saiki, J. (2017) Beyond the subjective experience of colour: An experimental case study of grapheme–texture synesthesia. Cognitive neuropsychology, 34(5), 269-293.

 

Bouvet, L., Barbier, J. E., Cason, N., Bakchine, S., & Ehrlé, N. (2017) When synesthesia and savant abilities are mistaken for hallucinations and delusions: contribution of a cognitive approach for their differential diagnosis. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 31(8), 1459-1473.

 

Colizoli, O., Murre, J. M., Scholte, H. S., & Rouw, R. (2017) Creating colored letters: familial markers of grapheme–color synesthesia in parietal lobe activation and structure. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 29(7), 1239-1252.

 

Cuskley, C., Simner, J., & Kirby, S. (2017) Phonological and orthographic influences in the bouba-kiki effect. Psychological Research-Psychologische Forschung, 81(1), 119-130.

 

Dumbalska, T., White, R. C., Duta, M. D., & Nation, K. (2017) Automaticity in Stimulus-Parity Synaesthesia. i-Perception, 8(6), 2041669517736323.

 

Farina, F. R., Mitchell, K. J., & Roche, R. A. (2017) Synaesthesia lost and found: two cases of person‐and music‐colour synaesthesia. European Journal of Neuroscience, 45(3), 472-477.

 

Fluegge, K. (2017) Abnormal sensory experiences, synaesthesia, and neurodevelopmental disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 47(9), 2942-2944.

 

Grice-Jackson, T., Critchley, H. D., Banissy, M. J., & Ward, J. (2017a) Common and distinct neural mechanisms associated with the conscious experience of vicarious pain. Cortex, 94, 152-163.

 

Grice-Jackson, T., Critchley, H. D., Banissy, M. J., & Ward, J. (2017b) Consciously Feeling the Pain of Others Reflects Atypical Functional Connectivity between the Pain Matrix and Frontal-Parietal Regions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11.

 

Hamada, D., Yamamoto, H., & Saiki, J. (2017) Multilevel analysis of individual differences in regularities of grapheme–color associations in synesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 53, 122-135.

 

Hamilton-Fletcher, G., Witzel, C., Reby, D., & Ward, J. (2017) Sound Properties Associated With Equiluminant Colours. Multisensory Research, 30(3-5), 337-362.

 

Hart, C. (2017) Mirror-Sensory Synaesthesia and the Practice of Manual Therapy. Multisensory research, 30(3-5), 387-390.

 

Hughes, J. E. A., Simner, J., Baron-Cohen, S., Treffert, D. A., & Ward, J. (2017) Is Synaesthesia More Prevalent in Autism Spectrum Conditions? Only Where There Is Prodigious Talent. Multisensory Research, 30(3-5), 391-408.

 

Itoh, K., Sakata, H., Kwee, I. L., & Nakada, T. (2017) Musical pitch classes have rainbow hues in pitch class-color synesthesia. Scientific reports, 7(1), 1-9.

 

Janik McErlean, A. B., & Banissy, M. J. (2017) Color processing in synesthesia: What synesthesia can and cannot tell us about mechanisms of color processing. Topics in cognitive science, 9(1), 215-227.

 

Kallio, S., Koivisto, M., & Kaakinen, J. K. (2017) Synaesthesia-type associations and perceptual changes induced by hypnotic suggestion. Scientific reports, 7(1), 1-11. 

 

Kirschner, A., & Nikolić, D. (2017) One-shot synesthesia. Translational neuroscience, 8(1), 167-175.

 

Levy, A. M., Dixon, M. J., & Soliman, S. (2017) Isolating automatic photism generation from strategic photism use in grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 56, 165-177.

 

Linkovski, O., Katzin, N., & Salti, M. (2017) Mirror neurons and mirror-touch synesthesia. The Neuroscientist, 23(2), 103-108.

 

Maniglia, M., Grassi, M., & Ward, J. (2017) Sounds Are Perceived as Louder When Accompanied by Visual Movement. Multisensory Research, 30(2), 159-177.

 

Mankin, J. L., & Simner, J. (2017) A Is for Apple: the Role of Letter-Word Associations in the Development of Grapheme-Colour Synaesthesia. Multisensory Research, 30(3-5), 409-446.

 

Martin, D., Cleghorn, E., & Ward, J. (2017) The Lived Experience of Mirror-Touch Synaesthesia A Qualitative Investigation of Empathy and Social Life. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 24(1-2), 214-227.

 

Medina, J., & DePasquale, C. (2017) Influence of the body schema on mirror-touch synesthesia. Cortex, 88, 53-65.

 

Newell, F. N. (2017) Introduction to the Special Issue on Synaesthesia and Cross-Modal Perception. Multisensory research, 30(3-5), 195-197.

 

Osuagwu, F. C., & Plath, D. (2017) A Case of Reverse Word Synesthesia in a Young Woman. The primary care companion for CNS disorders, 19(2), 0-0.

 

Papadopoulos, J., Domahs, F., & Kauschke, C. (2017) The role of sensory perception, emotionality and lifeworld in auditory word processing: Evidence from congenital blindness and synesthesia. Journal of psycholinguistic research, 46(6), 1597-1623.

 

Ramachandran, V. S., & Marcus, Z. (2017) Synesthesia and the mccollough effect. i-Perception, 8(3), 2041669517711718. 

 

Rothen, N., Bartl, G., Franklin, A., & Ward, J. (2017) Electrophysiological correlates and psychoacoustic characteristics of hearing-motion synaesthesia. Neuropsychologia, 106, 280-288. 

 

Rudenko, S., & de Córdoba Serrano, M. J. (2017) Musical-Space Synaesthesia: Visualisation of Musical Texture. Multisensory research, 30(3-5), 279-285.

 

Simner, J., Ipser, A., Smees, R., & Alvarez, J. (2017) Does synaesthesia age? Changes in the quality and consistency of synaesthetic associations. Neuropsychologia, 106, 407-416.

 

Teichmann, A. L., Nieuwenstein, M. R., & Rich, A. N. (2017) Digit–color synaesthesia only enhances memory for colors in a specific context: A new method of duration thresholds to measure serial recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43(8), 1494.

 

Van Leeuwen, T. (2017) A Social Semiotic Theory of Synesthesia?-A Discussion Paper. HERMES-Journal of Language and Communication in Business, (55), 105-119.

 

Volberg, G., Chockley, A. S., & Greenlee, M. W. (2017) Do graphemes attract spatial attention in grapheme-color synesthesia?. Neuropsychologia, 99, 101-111.

 

Ward, J., & Banissy, M. J. (2017) From mirror-touch synesthesia to models of vicarious experience: A reply to commentaries. Cognitive Neuroscience, 8(4), 224-227.

 

Ward, J., Hoadley, C., Hughes, J. E. A., Smith, P., Allison, C., Baron-Cohen, S., & Simner, J. (2017) Atypical sensory sensitivity as a shared feature between synaesthesia and autism. Scientific Reports, 7. 

 

Ward, J., Rothen, N., Chang, A., & Kanai, R. (2017) The structure of inter-individual differences in visual ability: Evidence from the general population and synaesthesia. Vision Research, 141, 293-302.

 

Watson, M. R., Chromý, J., Crawford, L., Eagleman, D. M., Enns, J. T., & Akins, K. A. (2017) The prevalence of synaesthesia depends on early language learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 48, 212-231.

 

Yong, Z., Hsieh, P. J., & Milea, D. (2017) Seeing the sound after visual loss: functional MRI in acquired auditory-visual synesthesia. Experimental brain research, 235(2), 415-420.

 

Yong, Z., Hsieh, P. J., & Milea, D. (2017) Neural Correlates of Sound-Induced Visual Experience in Acquired Auditor-Visual Synesthesia, I-Perception, 8, 88-89.

 

 

2016

Arend, I., Ofir, S., & Henik, A. (2016) What spatial coordinate defines color-space synesthesia?. Brain and cognition, 105, 88-94.

 

Atkinson, J., Lyons, T., Eagleman, D., Woll, B., & Ward, J. (2016) Synesthesia for manual alphabet letters and numeral signs in second-language users of signed languages. NeuroCase, 22(4), 379-386.

 

Baron-Cohen, S., Robson, E., Lai, M. C., & Allison, C. (2016) Mirror-touch synaesthesia is not associated with heightened empathy, and can occur with autism. PloS one, 11(8), e0160543.

 

Blazej, L. J., & Cohen-Goldberg, A. M. (2016) Multicolored words: Uncovering the relationship between reading mechanisms and synesthesia. Cortex, 75, 160-179.

 

Cioffi, M. C., Banissy, M. J., & Moore, J. W. (2016) ‘Am I moving?’An illusion of agency and ownership in mirror-touch synaesthesia. Cognition, 146, 426-430.

 

Deroy, O., & Spence, C. (2016) Lessons of synaesthesia for consciousness: Learning from the exception, rather than the general. Neuropsychologia, 88, 49-57.

 

Hamilton-Fletcher, G., Wright, T. D., & Ward, J. (2016) Cross-Modal Correspondences Enhance Performance on a Colour-to-Sound Sensory Substitution Device. Multisensory Research, 29(4-5), 337-363.

 

Ioumpa, K., Iuba, O. U., van Leeuwen, T. M., & van Lier, R. J. (2016) Exploring mirror-sensory synesthesia: Differential effects on altruism and emotional context in pictures. Perception, 45, 331-332.

 

Jakhar, J., & Mehta, D. U. (2017) Bilateral continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) for treatment resistant auditory hallucinations and synesthesia in schizophrenia–A case report. European Psychiatry, 41(S1), S769-S769.

 

Janik McErlean, A. B., Susilo, T., Rezlescu, C., Bray, A., & Banissy, M. J. (2016) Social perception in synaesthesia for colour. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 33(7-8), 378-387.

 

Janik McErlean, A. B., & Banissy, M. J. (2016) Examining the relationship between schizotypy and self-reported visual imagery vividness in grapheme-color synaesthesia. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 131.

 

Kuang, S. (2016) Toward a unified social motor cognition theory of understanding mirror-touch synaesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 10, 246.

 

Lacey, S., Martinez, M., McCormick, K., & Sathian, K. (2016) Synesthesia strengthens sound‐symbolic cross‐modal correspondences. European Journal of Neuroscience, 44(9), 2716-2721.

 

Mankin, J. L., Thompson, C., Branigan, H. P., & Simner, J. (2016) Processing compound words: Evidence from synaesthesia. Cognition, 150, 1-9.

 

Matsuda, E., Yoshihiro, O., & Tom, F. (2016) Developmental Changes of Synesthesia Observed in Japanese Elementary School Children. International Journal of Psychology, 51, 1014-1015.

 

Matsuoka, K. (2016) The relationship between eidetic imagery and synesthesia among Japanese college students: P0480. International Journal of Psychology, 51, 197-198.

 

Mealor, A. D., Simner, J., Rothen, N., Carmichael, D. A., & Ward, J. (2016) Different Dimensions of Cognitive Style in Typical and Atypical Cognition: New Evidence and a New Measurement Tool. PLoS One, 11(5)

 

Miozzo, M., & Laeng, B. (2016) Why Saturday could be both green and red in synesthesia. Cognitive processing, 17(4), 337-355.

 

Nagai, J., Yokosawa, K., & Asano, M. (2016) Synesthesia-like associations between graphemes and colors in Japanese non-synesthetic population. International Journal of Psychology, 51.

 

Newell, F. N., & Mitchell, K. J. (2016) Multisensory integration and cross-modal learning in synaesthesia: a unifying model. Neuropsychologia, 88, 140-150.

 

Pfeifer, G., Ward, J., Chan, D., & Sigala, N. (2016) Representational Account of Memory: Insights from Aging and Synesthesia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(12), 1987-2002.

 

Ramachandra, V. (2016) The linguistic and cognitive factors associated with lexical-gustatory synesthesia: A case study. Brain and cognition, 106, 23-32.

 

Ramachandran, V. S., Chunharas, C., & Marcus, Z. (2016) Hypothesis concerning embodied calendars: A case study of number form, color spreading, and taste-color synaesthesia. Medical hypotheses, 94, 58-62.

 

Roberts, M. H., & Shenker, J. I. (2016) Non-optic vision: Beyond synesthesia?. Brain and cognition, 107, 24-29.

 

Rothen, N., Junemann, K., Mealor, A. D., Burckhardt, V., & Ward, J. (2016) The sensitivity and specificity of a diagnostic test of sequence-space synesthesia. Behavior Research Methods, 48(4), 1476-1481.

 

Shibata, M., Fukuzaki, S. Y., Sato, A., & Umeda, S. (2016) Time course and localization of brain activity during numerical processing in grapheme color synesthesia, an ERP and sLORETA study: P2165. International Journal of Psychology, 51.

 

Shriki, O., Sadeh, Y., & Ward, J. (2016) The Emergence of Synaesthesia in a Neuronal Network Model via Changes in Perceptual Sensitivity and Plasticity. Plos Computational Biology, 12(7).

 

Simmonds-Moore, C. A. (2016) An interpretative phenomenological analysis exploring synesthesia as an exceptional experience: Insights for consciousness and cognition. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 13(4), 303-327.

 

Simner, J., Rehme, M. K., Carmichael, D. A., Bastin, M. E., Sprooten, E., McIntosh, A. M., . . . Zedler, M. (2016) Social responsiveness to inanimate entities: Altered white matter in a 'social synaesthesia'. Neuropsychologia, 91, 282-289.

 

Slocombe, B. G., Carmichael, D. A., & Simner, J. (2016) Cross-modal tactile-taste interactions in food evaluations. Neuropsychologia, 88, 58-64.

 

Sørensen, T., Nordfang, M., & Ásgeirsson, Á. (2016) Gradual consolidation of synesthesia during adolescence: A case study. Journal of Vision, 16(12), 460-460.

 

Takahashi, M., Taniuchi, T., Betsuyaku, T., & Fujita, K. (2016) Synesthesia-like perception in Human, Rodents (Rats and Hamsters), and Fish.: P0706. International Journal of Psychology, 51.

 

Terhune, D. B., Luke, D. P., Kaelen, M., Bolstridge, M., Feilding, A., Nutt, D., . . . Ward, J. (2016) A placebo-controlled investigation of synaesthesia-like experiences under LSD. Neuropsychologia, 88, 28-34.

 

van Leeuwen, T. M., Trautmann-Lengsfeld, S. A., Wallace, M. T., Engel, A. K., & Murray, M. M. (2016) Bridging the gap: Synaesthesia and multisensory processes.

 

van Praag, C. D. G., Garfinkel, S., Ward, J., Bor, D., & Seth, A. K. (2016) Automaticity and localisation of concurrents predicts colour area activity in grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Neuropsychologia, 88, 5-14.

 

Witthoft, N., Eagleman, D., & Winawer, J. (2016) Regularities in Grapheme-Color Synesthesia. Journal of Vision, 16(12), 467-467.

 

Yokosawa, K., & Asano, M. (2016) Grapheme-color synesthesia in East Asian languages: TS110. International Journal of Psychology, 51.

 

 

 

2015

Anderson, H. P., & Ward, J. (2015) Principle component analyses of questionnaires measuring individual differences in synaesthetic phenomenology. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 316-324.

 

Arend, I., Ashkenazi, S., Yuen, K., Ofir, S., & Henik, A. (2015) Number-space association in synaesthesia: An FMRI investigation. Cognitive processing, 16, S57-S57.

 

Ásgeirsson, Á. G., Nordfang, M., & Sørensen, T. A. (2015) Components of attention in grapheme-color synesthesia: A modeling approach. PloS one, 10(8), e0134456.

 

Bankieris, K., & Simner, J. (2015) What is the link between synaesthesia and sound symbolism? Cognition, 136, 186-195.

 

Bragança, G. F. F., Fonseca, J. G. M., & Caramelli, P. (2015) Synesthesia and music perception. Dementia & neuropsychologia, 9, 16-23.

 

 

Bosley, H. G., & Eagleman, D. M. (2015) Synesthesia in twins: Incomplete concordance in monozygotes suggests extragenic factors. Behavioural brain research, 286, 93-96.

 

Bolognini, N. (2015) Causal mechanisms of mirror-touch synesthesia: Clues from neuropsychology. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 137-139.

 

Carmichael, D. A., Down, M. P., Shillcock, R. C., Eagleman, D. M., & Simner, J. (2015) Validating a standardised test battery for synesthesia: Does the Synesthesia Battery reliably detect synesthesia? Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 375-385.

 

Chockley, A. S., Hocketstaller, J., Greenlee, M. W., & Volberg, G. (2015) Spatial attention to graphemes in grapheme-color synesthesia. Perception, 44(Suppl1), 314.

Cohen, M. X., Weidacker, K., Tankink, J., Scholte, H. S., & Rouw, R. (2015) Grapheme-color synesthesia subtypes: stable individual differences reflected in posterior alpha-band oscillations. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 56-67.

 

Chockley, A. S., Hocketstaller, J., Greenlee, M. W., & Volberg, G. (2015) Spatial attention to graphemes in grapheme-color synesthesia. Perception, 44(Suppl1), 314.

 

Eccles, J. A., Garfinkel, S. N., Harrison, N. A., Ward, J., Taylor, R. E., Bewley, A. P., & Critchley, H. D. (2015) Sensations of skin infestation linked to abnormal frontolimbic brain reactivity and differences in self-representation. Neuropsychologia, 77, 90-96.

 

Gray, B. F., & Simner, J. (2015) Synesthesia and release phenomena in sensory and motor grounding. Cases of disinhibited embodiment? Frontiers in psychology, 6.

 

Havlik, A. M., Carmichael, D. A., & Simner, J. (2015) Do sequence-space synaesthetes have better spatial imagery skills? Yes, but there are individual differences. Cognitive processing, 16(3), 245-253.

 

Heyes, C., & Catmur, C. (2015) A task control theory of mirror-touch synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 141-142.

 

Hupé, J. M., & Dojat, M. (2015) A critical review of the neuroimaging literature on synesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 9, 103.

 

Kay, C. L., Carmichael, D. A., Ruffell, H. E., & Simner, J. (2015) Colour fluctuations in grapheme-colour synaesthesia: The effect of clinical and non-clinical mood changes. British Journal of Psychology, 106(3), 487-504.

 

Lu, D., & Lo, V. (2015) Scent and synaesthesia: The medical use of spice bags in early China. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 167, 38-46.

 

Meier, B., & Rothen, N. (2015) Developing synaesthesia: a primer. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 9, 211.

 

Meier, B., Lunke, K., & Rothen, N. (2015) How mirror-touch informs theories of synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 142-144.

 

Meier, B., Rey-Mermet, A., & Rothen, N. (2015) Turning univalent stimuli bivalent: Synesthesia can cause cognitive conflict in task switching. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 48-55.

 

Melero, H., Peña-Melián, Á., & Ríos-Lago, M. (2015) Colors, tastes, numbers?: synesthesia in a Spanish sample. Revista de neurología, 60(4), 145-150.

 

Menouti, K., Akiva-Kabiri, L., Banissy, M. J., & Stewart, L. (2015) Timbre-colour synaesthesia: Exploring the consistency of associations based on timbre. Cortex, 63, 1-3.

 

Niessen, E., Fink, G. R., Schweitzer, L., Kluender, N., & Weiss, P. H. (2015) Implicit interactions between number and space in digit-color synesthesia. cortex, 64, 225-234.

 

Paffen, C. L., Van der Smagt, M. J., & Nijboer, T. C. (2015) Cross-modal, bidirectional priming in grapheme-color synesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 33, 325-333.

 

Ruiz, M. J., & Hupé, J. M. (2015) Assessment of the hemispheric lateralization of grapheme-color synesthesia with Stroop-type tests. PLoS One, 10(3), e0119377.

 

Russell, A., Stevenson, R. J., & Rich, A. N. (2015) Chocolate smells pink and stripy: Exploring olfactory-visual synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 77-88.

 

Safran, A. B., & Sanda, N. (2015) Color synesthesia. Insight into perception, emotion, and consciousness. Current opinion in neurology, 28(1), 36.

 

Santiesteban, I., Bird, G., Tew, O., Cioffi, M. C., & Banissy, M. J. (2015) Mirror-touch synaesthesia: Difficulties inhibiting the other. Cortex, 71, 116-121.

 

Simner, J., & Carmichael, D. A. (2015) Is synaesthesia a dominantly female trait? Cognitive Neuroscience, 6(2-3), 68-76.

 

Simner, J., Carmichael, D. A., Hubbard, E. M., Morris, Z., & Lawrie, S. M. (2015) Rates of white matter hyperintensities compatible with the radiological profile of multiple sclerosis within self-referred synesthete populations. NeuroCase, 21(3), 322-330.

 

Spiller, M. J., Jonas, C. N., Simner, J., & Jansari, A. (2015) Beyond visual imagery: How modality-specific is enhanced mental imagery in synesthesia? Consciousness and Cognition, 31, 73-85.

 

Terhune, D. B., Song, S. M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2015) Transcranial alternating current stimulation reveals atypical 40 Hz phosphene thresholds in synaesthesia. Cortex, 63, 267-270.

 

van Leeuwen, T. M., Singer, W., & Nikolić, D. (2015) The merit of synesthesia for consciousness research. Frontiers in psychology, 6, 1850.

 

Ward, J. (2015) Cognitive neuroscience of synesthesia: Introduction to the special issue. Cognitive Neuroscience, 6(2-3):45-7.

 

Ward, J., & Banissy, M. J. (2015) Explaining mirror-touch synesthesia. Cognitive Neuroscience.

 

Ward, J., Mensah, A., & Juenemann, K. (2015) The Rubber Hand Illusion Depends on the Tactile Congruency of the Observed and Felt Touch. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception and Performance, 41(5), 1203-1208.

 

Weaver, D. F., & Hawco, C. L. (2015) Geminate consonant grapheme-colour synaesthesia (ideaesthesia) BMC neurology, 15(1), 1-4.

 

White, R. C., & Aimola Davies, A. M. (2015) The no-touch rubber hand paradigm and mirror-touch sensation: Support for the self-other theory of mirror-touch synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 146-147.

 

White, R. C., & Plassart, A. (2015) Stimulus-parity synaesthesia versus stimulus-dichotomy synaesthesia: Odd, even or something else?. i-Perception, 6(1), 45-47.

 

White, R. C., & Aimola Davies, A. M. (2015) The no-touch rubber hand paradigm and mirror-touch sensation: Support for the self-other theory of mirror-touch synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 6(2-3), 146-147.

Wright, T. D., Margolis, A., & Ward, J. (2015) Using an auditory sensory substitution device to augment vision: evidence from eye movements. Experimental Brain Research, 233(3), 851-860.

 

Yokosawa, K., & Asano, M. (2015) Relation between synesthetic grapheme-color associations and the sub-types of synesthesia. Journal of vision, 15(12), 132-132.

 

2014

Akiva-Kabiri, L., Linkovski, O., Gertner, L., & Henik, A. (2014) Musical space synesthesia: Automatic, explicit and conceptual connections between musical stimuli and space. Consciousness and cognition, 28, 17-29.

 

Anderson, H. P., Seth, A. K., Dienes, Z., & Ward, J. (2014) Can grapheme-color synesthesia be induced by hypnosis ? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8.

 

Bankieris, K., & Simner, J. (2014) Sound symbolism in synesthesia: Evidence from a lexical-gustatory synesthete. NeuroCase, 20(6), 640-651.

 

Banissy, M. J., Jonas, C., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014) Synesthesia: an introduction. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1414.

 

Bastiampillai, T., Dhillon, R., & Chui, C. W. (2014) ‘I saw the words right from your mouth’: An unusual case of synaesthesia. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48(2), 199-200.

 

Bouvet, L., Donnadieu, S., Valdois, S., Caron, C., Dawson, M., & Mottron, L. (2014) Veridical mapping in savant abilities, absolute pitch, and synesthesia: an autism case study. Frontiers in psychology, 5, 106.

 

Brogaard, B., Marlow, K., & Rice, K. (2014) The long-term potentiation model for grapheme-color binding in synesthesia. Sensory integration and the unity of consciousness, 37-72.

 

Chan, J. S., van den Bosch, J. J., Theves, S., Hardt, S., Pflanz, P., Lötsch, J., ... & Naumer, M. J. (2014) Synaesthesia or vivid imagery? A single case fMRI study of visually induced olfactory perception. Multisensory research, 27(3-4), 225-246.

 

Chiou, R., & Rich, A. N. (2014) The role of conceptual knowledge in understanding synaesthesia: Evaluating contemporary findings from a “hub-and-spokes” perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 105.

 

Cioffi, M. C., Moore, J. W., & Banissy, M. J. (2014) What can mirror-touch synaesthesia tell us about the sense of agency?. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 256.

 

Colizoli, O., Murre, J. M., & Rouw, R. (2014) Defining (trained) grapheme-color synesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 368.

 

Deroy, O. (2014) Synesthesia: An experience of the third kind?. In Consciousness Inside and Out: Phenomenology, Neuroscience, and the Nature of Experience (pp. 395-407) Springer, Dordrecht.

 

Froese, T. (2014) Steps toward an enactive account of synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 5(2), 126-127.

 

Ghloum, J. K., Gibson, L. C., Watson, M., Akins, K., Chen, L., Enns, J. T., ... & Maurer, D. (2014) Reduced Perceptual Narrowing in Synaesthesia: Discrimination of Native and Non-native Stimuli. Journal of Vision, 14(10), 237-237.

 

Gondim, F. D. A. A., & Thomas, F. P. (2014) Generalized somatic dysesthesias induced by stimulation of teeth with cold water: An unreported form of brainstem integrative synesthesia. Journal of the neurological sciences, 346(1), 360-361.

 

Gotts, S. J., & Martin, A. (2014) The nature and role of cortical feedback in perception, imagery, and synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 5(2), 121-122.

 

Gould, C., Froese, T., Barrett, A. B., Ward, J., & Seth, A. K. (2014) An extended case study on the phenomenology of sequence-space synesthesia. Frontier in Human Neuroscience, 8, 433.

 

Griscom, W., & Palmer, S. (2014) Emotional Mediation of Cross-Modal Associations in Timbre-Color Synesthesia. Journal of Vision, 14(10), 1003-1003.

 

Gubernick, D., Ameli, P., Teng, Q., Velez, A., & Heilman, K. M. (2014) Visual-olfactory hallucinatory synesthesia: The Charles Bonnet Syndrome with olfactory hallucinations. Cortex (Testo stampato), 50, 204-207.

 

Hale, J., Thompson, J. M., Morgan, H. M., Cappelletti, M., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014) Better together? The cognitive advantages of synaesthesia for time, numbers, and space. Cognitive neuropsychology, 31(7-8), 545-564.

 

Hung, W.-Y., Simner, J., Shillcock, R., & Eagleman, D. M. (2014) Synaesthesia in Chinese characters: The role of radical function and position. Consciousness and Cognition, 24, 38-48.

 

Jonas, C. N., Spiller, M. J., Jansari, A., & Ward, J. (2014) Comparing implicit and synaesthetic number-space associations: Visuospatial and verbal spatial-numerical associations of response codes. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(7), 1262-1273.

 

Jonas, C. N., & Ward, J. (2014) Number-space associations in synaesthesia are not influenced by finger-counting habits. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26(2), 232-240.

 

Jonas, C. N., & Price, M. C. (2014) Not all synesthetes are alike: spatial vs. visual dimensions of sequence-space synesthesia. Frontiers in psychology, 5, 1171.

 

McCarthy, J. D., & Caplovitz, G. P. (2014) Color synesthesia improves color but impairs motion perception. Trends in cognitive sciences, 18(5), 224-226.

 

Meier, B., Rothen, N., & Walter, S. (2014) Developmental aspects of synaesthesia across the adult lifespan. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 129.

 

Melero, H., Ríos-Lago, M., Peña-Melián, A., & Álvarez-Linera, J. (2014) Achromatic synesthesias—A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroimage, 98, 416-424.

 

Moos, A., Smith, R., Miller, S. R., & Simmons, D. R. (2014) Cross-modal associations in synaesthesia: vowel colours in the ear of the beholder. i-Perception, 5(2), 132-142.

 

Mroczko-Wąsowicz, A., & Nikolić, D. (2014) Semantic mechanisms may be responsible for developing synesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 509.

 

Narang, B., Dhillon, R., Tibrewal, P., & Coventry, L. (2014) Synaesthesia, reflex hallucinations and Mitempfindung-one of the same or different entities?. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48(4), 380-380.

 

Neckar, M., & Bob, P. (2014) Neuroscience of synesthesia and cross-modal associations. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 25(6), 833-840.

 

Pfeifer, G., Rothen, N., Ward, J., Chan, D., & Sigala, N. (2014) Associative memory advantage in grapheme-color synesthetes compared to older, but not young adults. Frontiers in psychology, 5.

 

Price, M. C. (2014) Insights from introspection: a commentary on Gould et al.(2014),“An extended case study on the phenomenology of spatial form synaesthesia”. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 439.

 

Radvansky, G. A., Gibson, B. S., & McNerney, M. W. (2014) Working memory, situation models, and synesthesia. The American journal of psychology, 127(3), 325-342.

 

Rich, A. N., & Karstoft, K. I. (2013) Exploring the benefit of synaesthetic colours: Testing for “pop-out” in individuals with grapheme–colour synaesthesia. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 30(2), 110-125.

 

Rothen, N., & Meier, B. (2014) Acquiring synaesthesia: insights from training studies. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 109.

 

Rouw, R., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2014) The most intriguing question in synesthesia research. Cognitive neuroscience, 5(2), 128-130.

 

Seth, A. K. (2014) A predictive processing theory of sensorimotor contingencies: Explaining the puzzle of perceptual presence and its absence in synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 5(2), 97-118.

 

Sinke, C., Neufeld, J., Zedler, M., Emrich, H. M., Bleich, S., Münte, T. F., & Szycik, G. R. (2014) Reduced audiovisual integration in synesthesia–evidence from bimodal speech perception. Journal of neuropsychology, 8(1), 94-106.

 

Sinke, C., Neufeld, J., Wiswede, D., Emrich, H. M., Bleich, S., Münte, T. F., & Szycik, G. R. (2014) N1 enhancement in synesthesia during visual and audio–visual perception in semantic cross-modal conflict situations: an ERP study. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 21.

 

Terhune, D. B., Song, S. M., Duta, M. D., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014) Probing the neurochemical basis of synaesthesia using psychophysics. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 89.

 

Van der Veen, F. M., Aben, H. P., Smits, M., & Röder, C. H. (2014) Grapheme-color synesthesia interferes with color perception in a standard Stroop task. Neuroscience, 258, 246-253.

 

van Leeuwen, T. M. (2014) Constructing priors in synesthesia. Cognitive neuroscience, 5(2), 124-126.

 

Ward, J., & Wright, T. (2014) Sensory substitution as an artificially acquired synaesthesia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 41, 26-35.

 

Watson, M. R., Akins, K. A., Chromý, J., Alderete, J., Hahn, M., & Enns, J. T. (2014) What colours a letter? The deep learned structure of synaesthesia in two linguistic groups. Journal of Vision, 14(10), 1139-1139.

 

Watson, M. R., Akins, K., Spiker, C., Crawford, L., & Enns, J. T. (2014) Synesthesia and learning: a critical review and novel theory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 98.

 

Whitaker, K. J., Kang, X., Herron, T. J., Woods, D. L., Robertson, L. C., & Alvarez, B. D. (2014) White matter microstructure throughout the brain correlates with visual imagery in grapheme–color synesthesia. Neuroimage, 90, 52-59.

 

Yokoyama, T., Noguchi, Y., Koga, H., Tachibana, R., Saiki, J., Kakigi, R., & Kita, S. (2014) Multiple neural mechanisms for coloring words in synesthesia. NeuroImage, 94, 360-371.

 

Yon, D., & Press, C. (2014) Back to the future: Synaesthesia could be due to associative learning. Frontiers in psychology, 5, 702.

 

 

2013

Asano, M., & Yokosawa, K. (2013) Grapheme learning and grapheme-color synesthesia: toward a comprehensive model of grapheme-color association. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 757.

Arend, I., Gertner, L., & Henik, A. (2013) Perceiving numbers influences actions in number–space synesthesia. cortex, 49(7), 1955-1962.

 

Bacon, M. P., Bridgeman, B., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2013) Metacontrast masking is processed before grapheme–color synesthesia. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75(1), 5-9.

 

Banissy, M. J., & Ward, J. (2013) Mechanisms of self-other representations and vicarious experiences of touch in mirror-touch synesthesia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 112.

 

Banissy, M.J., Holle, H., Cassell, J., Annett, L., Tsakanikos, E., Walsh, V., Spiller, M.J., & Ward. J. (2013) Personality traits in people with synaesthesia: Do synaesthetes have an atypical personality profile? Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 828–831.

 

Banissy, M. J., Muggleton, N., Tester, V., Janik, A. B., Davenport, A., Franklin, A., . . . Ward, J. (2013) Synaesthesia for color is linked to improved color perception, but reduced motion perception. Psychological Science, 24(12), 2390-2397.

 

Baron-Cohen, S., Johnson, D., Asher, J., Wheelwright, S., Fisher, S. E., Gregersen, P. K., & Allison, C. (2013) Is synaesthesia more common in autism?. Molecular autism, 4(1), 1-6.

 

Bolognini, N., Miniussi, C., Gallo, S., & Vallar, G. (2013) Induction of mirror-touch synaesthesia by increasing somatosensory cortical excitability. Current Biology, 23(10), R436-R437.

 

Brang, D., Miller, L. E., McQuire, M., Ramachandran, V. S., & Coulson, S. (2013) Enhanced mental rotation ability in time-space synesthesia. Cognitive processing, 14(4), 429-434.

 

Brang, D., Ghiam, M., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2013) Impaired acquisition of novel grapheme-color correspondences in synesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 717.

 

Brogaard, B., Vanni, S., & Silvanto, J. (2013) Seeing mathematics: perceptual experience and brain activity in acquired synesthesia. Neurocase, 19(6), 566-575.

 

Brogaard, B. (2013) Serotonergic hyperactivity as a potential factor in developmental, acquired and drug-induced synesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 657.

 

Carmichael, D. A., & Simner, J. (2013) The immune hypothesis of synesthesia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7.

 

Chiou, R., Stelter, M., & Rich, A. N. (2013) Beyond colour perception: auditory–visual synaesthesia induces experiences of geometric objects in specific locations. Cortex, 49(6), 1750-1763.

 

Chun, C. A., & Hupé, J. M. (2013) Mirror-touch and ticker tape experiences in synesthesia. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 776.

 

Colizoli, O., Murre, J. M., & Rouw, R. (2013) A taste for words and sounds: a case of lexical-gustatory and sound-gustatory synesthesia. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 775.

 

ael, N., Sierro, G., & Mohr, C. (2013) Affect-related synesthesias: a prospective view on their existence, expression and underlying mechanisms. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 754.

 

Davies, A. M. A., & White, R. C. (2013) A sensational illusion: vision-touch synaesthesia and the rubber hand paradigm. Cortex, 49(3), 806-818.

 

Deroy, O., & Spence, C. (2013) Are we all born synaesthetic? Examining the neonatal synaesthesia hypothesis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37(7), 1240-1253.

 

Deroy, O., & Spence, C. (2013) Training, hypnosis, and drugs: artificial synaesthesia, or artificial paradises?. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 660.

 

Erskine, H., Mattingley, J. B., & Arnold, D. H. (2013) Synaesthesia and colour constancy. Cortex, 49(4), 1082-1088.

 

Farina, M. (2013) Neither touch nor vision: sensory substitution as artificial synaesthesia?. Biology & Philosophy, 28(4), 639-655.

 

Gertner, L., Henik, A., Reznik, D., & Kadosh, R. C. (2013) Implications of number-space synesthesia on the automaticity of numerical processing. cortex, 49(5), 1352-1362.

 

Gertner, L., Arend, I., & Henik, A. (2013) Numerical synesthesia is more than just a symbol-induced phenomenon. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 860.

 

Goller, A.I., Richards, K., Novak, S. & Ward, J. (2013) Mirror-touch Synaesthesia in the Phantom Limbs of Amputees. Cortex.49, 243-251.

 

Gregersen, P. K., Kowalsky, E., Lee, A., Baron-Cohen, S., Fisher, S. E., Asher, J. E., ... & Li, W. (2013) Absolute pitch exhibits phenotypic and genetic overlap with synesthesia. Human molecular genetics, 22(10), 2097-2104.

 

Harvey, J. P. (2013) Sensory perception: lessons from synesthesia: using synesthesia to inform the understanding of sensory perception. The Yale journal of biology and medicine, 86(2), 203.

 

Holle, H., Banissy, M. J., & Ward, J. (2013) Functional and structural brain differences associated with mirror-touch synaesthesia. Neuroimage, 83, 1041-1050.

 

Kim, S., Blake, R., & Kim, C. Y. (2013) Is “Σ” purple or green? Bistable grapheme-color synesthesia induced by ambiguous characters. Consciousness and cognition, 22(3), 955-964.

 

Luke, D., & Terhune, D. B. (2013) The induction of synaesthesia with chemical agents: a systematic review. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 753.

 

Ludwig, V. U., & Simner, J. (2013) What colour does that feel? Tactile-visual mapping and the development of cross-modality. Cortex, 49(4), 1089-1099

 

Maister, L., Banissy, M. J., & Tsakiris, M. (2013) Mirror-touch synaesthesia changes representations of self-identity. Neuropsychologia, 51(5), 802-808.

 

Marks, L. E., & Mulvenna, C. M. (2013) Synesthesia, at and near its borders. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 651.

 

McCarthy, J. D., Barnes, L. N., Alvarez, B. D., & Caplovitz, G. P. (2013) Two plus blue equals green: Grapheme-color synesthesia allows cognitive access to numerical information via color. Consciousness and cognition, 22(4), 1384-1392.

 

Meier, B., & Rothen, N. (2013) Grapheme-color synaesthesia is associated with a distinct cognitive style. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 632.

 

Milán, E. G., Iborra, O., Hochel, M., Artacho, M. R., Delgado-Pastor, L. C., Salazar, E., & González-Hernández, A. (2012) Auras in mysticism and synaesthesia: A comparison. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(1), 258-268.

 

Moos, A., Simmons, D., Simner, J., & Smith, R. (2013) Color and texture associations in voice-induced synesthesia. Frontiers in psychology, 4.

 

Mylopoulos, M. I., & Ro, T. (2013) Synesthesia: a colorful word with a touching sound?. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 763.

 

Neufeld et al (2013) Is synaesthesia more common in patients with Asperger syndrome? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7. https://doi.org/ 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00847.

 

Nikolinakos, D., Georgiadou, A., Protopapas, A., Tzavaras, A., & Potagas, C. (2013) A case of color–taste synesthesia. Neurocase, 19(3), 282-294.

 

O'Hanlon, E., Newell, F. N., & Mitchell, K. (2013) Combined structural and functional imaging reveals cortical deactivations in grapheme-color synaesthesia. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 755.

 

Price, M. C., & Mattingley, J. B. (2013) Automaticity in sequence-space synaesthesia: a critical appraisal of the evidence. Cortex, 49(5), 1165-1186.

 

Perry, A., & Henik, A. (2013) The emotional valence of a conflict: implications from synesthesia. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 978.

 

Price, M., & Pearson, D. (2013) Toward a visuospatial developmental account of sequence-space synesthesia. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 689.

 

Pritchard, J., Rothen, N., Coolbear, D., & Ward, J. (2013) Enhanced associative memory for colour (but not shape or location) in synaesthesia. Cognition, 127 (2), 230-234.

 

Rich, A. N., & Karstoft, K. I. (2013) Exploring the benefit of synaesthetic colours: Testing for “pop-out” in individuals with grapheme–colour synaesthesia. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 30(2), 110-125.

 

Rothen, N., & Meier, B. (2013) Why vicarious experience is not an instance of synaesthesia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 128.

 

Rothen, N., Nikolić, D., Jürgens, U.M., Mroczko, A., Cock, J., & Meier, B. (2013) Psychophysiological evidence for the genuineness of swimming-style colour synaesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition, 22 (1), 35-46.

 

Rothen, N., Seth, A.K., Witzel, C., & Ward, J. (2013) Diagnosing synaesthesia with online colour pickers: Maximising sensitivity and specificity. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 215 (1), 156-160.

 

Rothen, N., Tsakanikos, E., Meier, B., & Ward, J. (2013) Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN): a reliable factor-analysis based synaesthesia questionnaire. Consciousness and Cognition, 22 (3), 1047-1060.

 

Rouw, R., van Driel, J., Knip, K., & Ridderinkhof, K. R. (2013) Executive functions in synesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 22(1), 184-202.

 

Schweizer, et al. (2013) From the thalamus with love: a rare window into the locus of emotional synesthesia. Neurology 81.

 

Simner, J. (2013) Why are there different types of synesthete? Frontiers in psychology, 4.

 

Simner, J., & Bain, A. E. (2013) A longitudinal study of grapheme-color synesthesia in childhood: 6/7 years to 10/11 years. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7.

 

Sollberger, M. (2013) Rethinking synesthesia. Philosophical Psychology, 26(2), 171-187.

 

Sørensen, T. A. (2013) Facial Identification in Observers with Colour-Grapheme Synaesthesia. Perception, 42(Supplement), 167.

 

Terhune, D.B., Rothen, N., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2013) Correcting misconceptions about synaesthesia. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 103, 1-2.

 

Terhune, D. B., Wudarczyk, O. A., Kochuparampil, P., & Kadosh, R. C. (2013) Enhanced dimension-specific visual working memory in grapheme–color synesthesia. Cognition, 129(1), 123-137.

 

Tomson, S. N., Narayan, M., Allen, G. I., & Eagleman, D. M. (2013) Neural networks of colored sequence synesthesia. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(35), 14098-14106.

 

Volberg, G., Karmann, A., Birkner, S., & Greenlee, M. W. (2013) Short-and long-range neural synchrony in grapheme–color synesthesia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25(7), 1148-1162.

 

Ward, J., Hovard, P., Jones, A., & Rothen, N. (2013) Enhanced recognition memory in grapheme-color synaesthesia for different categories of visual stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 762.

 

Ward, J. (2013) Synesthesia. Annual Review of Psychology, 64, 49-75.

 

Wilson, M. (2013) What do the mirror system, embodied cognition, and synaesthesia have to do with each other?: The meaning of Mirror Neurons. Cortex (Testo stampato), 49(10), 2949-2950.

 

Witthoft, N., & Winawer, J. (2013) Learning, memory, and synesthesia. Psychological science, 24(3), 258-265.

 

Zamm, A., Schlaug, G., Eagleman, D. M., & Loui, P. (2013) Pathways to seeing music: enhanced structural connectivity in colored-music synesthesia. Neuroimage, 74, 359-366.

 

 

2012

Afra, P., Anderson, J., Funke, M., Johnson, M., Matsuo, F., Constantino, T., & Warner, J. (2012) Neurophysiological investigation of idiopathic acquired auditory–visual synesthesia. Neurocase, 18(4), 323-329.

 

Banissy, M.J., Stewart, L., Muggleton, N.G., Griffiths, T., Walsh, V., Ward, J., & Kanai, R. (2012) Grapheme-colour and tone-colour synaesthesia is associated with structural brain changes in visual regions implicated in colour, form and motion. Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 29-35.

 

Banissy, M.J., Cassell, J.E., Fitzpatrick, S., Ward, J., Walsh, V., & Muggleton, N.G. (2012) Increased positive and disorganised schizotypy in synaesthete’s who experience colour from letters and tones. Cortex, 48, 1085-1087.

 

Bien, N., Ten Oever, S., Goebel, R., & Sack, A. T. (2012) The sound of size: crossmodal binding in pitch-size synesthesia: a combined TMS, EEG and psychophysics study. NeuroImage, 59(1), 663-672.

 

Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2012) On the need to compare anomalous experiences carefully: Commentary on Milán et al.’s Auras in mysticism and synaesthesia: A comparison.

 

Carruthers, H. R., Miller, V., Tarrier, N., & Whorwell, P. J. (2012) Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome. Digestive diseases and sciences, 57(6), 1629-1635.

 

Cohen Kadosh, R. C., Gertner, L., & Terhune, D. B. (2012) Exceptional abilities in the spatial representation of numbers and time: Insights from synesthesia. The Neuroscientist, 18(3), 208-215.

 

Cohen Kadosh, R., & Terhune, D. B. (2012) Redefining synaesthesia?. British Journal of Psychology, 103(1), 20-23.

 

Colizoli, O., Murre, J. M., & Rouw, R. (2012) Pseudo-synesthesia through reading books with colored letters. PloS one, 7(6), e39799.

 

Dovern, A., Fink, G. R., Fromme, A. C. B., Wohlschläger, A. M., Weiss-Blankenhorn, P. H., & Riedl, V. (2012) Increased intrinsic network connectivity in grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Klinische Neurophysiologie, 43(01), P040.

 

Eagleman, D. M. (2012) Synaesthesia in its protean guises. British Journal of Psychology, 103(1), 16-19.

 

Fernay, L., Reby, D., & Ward, J. (2012)  Visualised voices: A case study of audio-visual synaesthesia.  Neurocase, 18, 50-56.

 

Fitzgibbon, B. M., Enticott, P. G., Rich, A. N., Giummarra, M. J., Georgiou-Karistianis, N., & Bradshaw, J. L. (2012) Mirror-sensory synaesthesia: exploring ‘shared’sensory experiences as synaesthesia. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 36(1), 645-657.

 

Fornazzari, L., Fischer, C. E., Ringer, L., & Schweizer, T. A. (2012) “Blue is music to my ears”: Multimodal synesthesias after a thalamic stroke. Neurocase, 18(4), 318-322.

 

Gertner, L., Arend, I., & Henik, A. (2012) Effects of non-symbolic numerical information suggest the existence of magnitude–space synesthesia. Cognitive processing, 13(1), 179-183.

 

Gibson, B. S., Radvansky, G. A., Johnson, A. C., & McNerney, M. W. (2012) Grapheme–color synesthesia can enhance immediate memory without disrupting the encoding of relational cues. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 19(6), 1172-1177.

 

Holle, H., Warne, K., Seth, A. K., Critchley, H. D., & Ward, J. (2012) The neural basis of contagious itch and why some people are more prone to it. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, 109, 19816–1982.

 

Hupé, J. M. (2012) Synesthesia as a neuronal palimpsest. Medecine Sciences: M/S, 28(8-9), 765-771.

 

Hupé, J. M., Bordier, C., & Dojat, M. (2012) The neural bases of grapheme–color synesthesia are not localized in real color-sensitive areas. Cerebral Cortex, 22(7), 1622-1633.

 

Jackson, T. E., & Sandramouli, S. (2012) Auditory-olfactory synesthesia coexisting with auditory-visual synesthesia. Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology, 32(3), 221-223.

 

Linkovski, O., Akiva-Kabiri, L., Gertner, L., & Henik, A. (2012) Is it for real? Evaluating authenticity of musical pitch-space synesthesia. Cognitive processing, 13(1), 247-251.

 

Loui, P., Zamm, A., & Schlaug, G. (2012) Absolute pitch and synesthesia: two sides of the same coin? Shared and distinct neural substrates of music listening. In ICMPC: Proceedings/edited by Catherine Stevens...[et al.]. International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition (p. 618) NIH Public Access.

 

Luke, D., Terhune, D., & Friday, R. (2012) Psychedelic synaesthesia: evidence for a serotonergic role in synaesthesia. Seeing and Perceiving, 25, 74-74.

 

Milán, E. G., Iborra, O., Hochel, M., Artacho, M. R., Delgado-Pastor, L. C., Salazar, E., & González-Hernández, A. (2012) Auras in mysticism and synaesthesia: A comparison. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(1), 258-268.

 

Mroczko-Wąsowicz, A., & Werning, M. (2012) Synesthesia, sensory-motor contingency, and semantic emulation: how swimming style-color synesthesia challenges the traditional view of synesthesia. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 279.

 

Neufeld, J., Sinke, C., Dillo, W., Emrich, H. M., Szycik, G. R., Dima, D., ... & Zedler, M. (2012) The neural correlates of coloured music: A functional MRI investigation of auditory–visual synaesthesia. Neuropsychologia, 50(1), 85-89.

 

Neufeld, J., Sinke, C., Zedler, M., Dillo, W., Emrich, H. M., Bleich, S., & Szycik, G. R. (2012) Disinhibited feedback as a cause of synesthesia: evidence from a functional connectivity study on auditory-visual synesthetes. Neuropsychologia, 50(7), 1471-1477.

 

Nikolinakos, D., Georgiadou, A., Protopapas, A., Tzavaras, A., & Potagas, C. (2013) A case of color–taste synesthesia. Neurocase, 19(3), 282-294.

 

Ramachandran, V. S., Miller, L., Livingstone, M. S., & Brang, D. (2012) Colored halos around faces and emotion-evoked colors: a new form of synesthesia. Neurocase, 18(4), 352-358.

 

Ronga, I., Bazzanella, C., Rossi, F., & Iannetti, G. (2012) Linguistic synaesthesia, perceptual synaesthesia, and the interaction between multiple sensory modalities. Pragmatics & Cognition, 20(1), 135-167.

 

Rothen, N., Meier, B., & Ward, J. (2012) Enhanced memory ability: Insights from synaesthesia. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 36 (8), 1952-1963.

 

Rothen, N., & Terhune, D.B. (2012) Increased Resting State Network Connectivity in Synesthesia: Evidence for a Neural Basis of Synesthetic Consistency. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32 (40), 13641-13643.

 

Sinke, C., Halpern, J. H., Zedler, M., Neufeld, J., Emrich, H. M., & Passie, T. (2012) Genuine and drug-induced synesthesia: a comparison. Consciousness and cognition, 21(3), 1419-1434.

 

Simner, J. (2012) Defining synaesthesia. British Journal of Psychology, 103, 1-15.

 

Simner, J., & Ludwig, V. U. (2012) The color of touch: A case of tactile-visual synaesthesia. NeuroCase, 18, 167-180.

 

Spasic, M., Lukic, S., Bisevac, B., & Peric, Z. (2012) A case report of a patient with epilepsy and synesthesia. HealthMed 6(7), 2583-2587.

 

Specht, K. (2012) Synaesthesia: cross activations, high interconnectivity, and a parietal hub. Translational Neuroscience, 3(1), 15-21.

 

Suslick, K. S. (2012) Synesthesia in science and technology: more than making the unseen visible. Current opinion in chemical biology, 16(5-6), 557-563.

 

Watson, M. R., Blair, M. R., Kozik, P., Akins, K. A., & Enns, J. T. (2012) Grapheme-color synaesthesia benefits rule-based Category learning. Consciousness and cognition, 21(3), 1533-1540.

 

Watson, M. R., Akins, K. A., & Enns, J. T. (2012) Second-order mappings in grapheme–color synesthesia. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 19(2), 211-217.

 

White, R. C., & Davies, A. M. A. (2012) Specular vision-touch synaesthesia: Two reference frames. Perception, 41(7), 871-874.

 

 

2011

Ahmadi, J., Keshtkar, M., & Pridmore, S. (2011) Methamphetamine induced synesthesia: a case report. American Journal on Addictions, 20(3), 306.

 

Amin, M., Olu-Lafe, O., Claessen, L.E., Sobczak-Edmans, M., Ward, J., Williams, A.L., Sagiv, N. (2011) Understanding grapheme personification: A social synaesthesia? Journal of Neuropsychology, 5 (2), pp. 255-282.

 

Banissy, M.J., Garrido, L., Kusnir, F., Duchaine, B., Walsh, V., Ward, J. (2011) Superior facial expression, but not identity recognition, in mirror-touch synaesthesia. Journal of Neuroscience, 31 (5), pp. 1820-1824.

 

Banissy, M. J., Walsh, V. Z., & Muggleton, N. G. (2011) Mirror-touch synaesthesia: a case of faulty self-modelling and insula abnormality. Cognitive neuroscience, 2(2), 114-115.

 

Brang, D., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2011) Survival of the synesthesia gene: Why do people hear colors and taste words?. PLoS biology, 9(11), e1001205.

 

Brang, D., Rouw, R., Ramachandran, V. S., & Coulson, S. (2011) Similarly shaped letters evoke similar colors in grapheme–color synesthesia. Neuropsychologia, 49(5), 1355-1358.

 

Brang, D., Teuscher, U., Miller, L. E., Ramachandran, V. S., & Coulson, S. (2011) Handedness and calendar orientations in time–space synaesthesia. Journal of Neuropsychology, 5(2), 323-332.

 

Gross, V. C., Neargarder, S., Caldwell-Harris, C. L., & Cronin-Golomb, A. (2011) Superior encoding enhances recall in color-graphemic synesthesia. Perception, 40(2), 196-208.

 

Hänggi, J., Wotruba, D., & Jäncke, L. (2011) Globally altered structural brain network topology in grapheme-color synesthesia. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(15), 5816-5828.

 

Holle, H., Banissy, M., Wright, T., Bowling, N., Ward, J. (2011) "That's not a real body": Identifying stimulus qualities that modulate synaesthetic experiences of touch. Consciousness and Cognition, 20 (3), pp. 720-726.

Jonas, C.N., Taylor, A.J.G., Hutton, S., Weiss, P.H., Ward, J. (2011) Visuo-spatial representations of the alphabet in synaesthetes and non-synaesthetes. Journal of Neuropsychology, 5 (2), pp. 302-322.

 

Jones, C.L., Gray, M.A., Minati, L., Simner, J., Critchley, H.D., Ward, J. (2011) The neural basis of illusory gustatory sensations: Two rare cases of lexical-gustatory synaesthesia. Journal of Neuropsychology, 5 (2), pp. 243-254.

 

Milán, E. G., Artacho, M. Á. R., Moreno-Ríos, S., de Córdoba, M. J., Pereda, A., & González-Hernández, A. (2011) Cost of mental set reconfiguration between digits and their photisms in synaesthesia. The Spanish journal of psychology, 14(2), 548-555.

 

Jewanski, J., Simner, J., Day, S.A., Ward, J. (2011) The development of a scientific understanding of synesthesia from early case studies (1849-1873). Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 20 (4), pp. 284-305.

 

Nijboer, T. C., Satris, G., & Van der Stigchel, S. (2011) The influence of synesthesia on eye movements: No synesthetic pop-out in an oculomotor target selection task. Consciousness and cognition, 20(4), 1193-1200.

 

Nikolić, D., Jürgens, U.M., Rothen, N., Meier, B., & Mroczko, A. (2011) Swimming-style synaesthesia. Cortex, 47 (7), 874-879.

 

Novich, S., Cheng, S., & Eagleman, D. M. (2011) Is synaesthesia one condition or many? A large‐scale analysis reveals subgroups. Journal of neuropsychology, 5(2), 353-371.

 

Paffen, C. L., Van der Smagt, M. J., & Nijboer, T. C. (2011) Colour–grapheme synesthesia affects binocular vision. Frontiers in psychology, 2, 314.

 

Radvansky, G. A., Gibson, B. S., & McNerney, M. (2011) Synesthesia and memory: Color congruency, von Restorff, and false memory effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(1), 219.

 

Richer, F., Beaufils, G. A., & Poirier, S. (2011) Bidirectional lexical–gustatory synesthesia. Consciousness and cognition, 20(4), 1738-1743.

 

Rothen, N., Wantz, A.L., & Meier, B. (2011) Training synaesthesia. Perception, 40 (10), 1248-1250.

 

Rouw, R. (2011) ‘Special cases’: neural mechanisms and individual differences in synaesthesia. J. of Neuropsychology, 5(2), 145-151.

 

Rouw, R., Scholte, H. S., & Colizoli, O. (2011) Brain areas involved in synaesthesia: a review. Journal of neuropsychology, 5(2), 214-242.

 

Saiki, J., Yoshioka, A., & Yamamoto, H. (2011) Type-based associations in grapheme-color synaesthesia revealed by response time distribution analyses. Consciousness and cognition, 20(4), 1548-1557.

 

Simner, J., Hung, W.-Y., & Shillcock, R. (2011) Synaesthesia in a logographic language: The colouring of Chinese characters and Pinyin/Bopomo spellings. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1376-1392

 

Specht, K., & Laeng, B. (2011) An independent component analysis of fMRI data of grapheme–colour synaesthesia. Journal of neuropsychology, 5(2), 203-213.

 

Terhune, D. B. (2011) Redefining synaesthesia?. British Journal of Psychology , 103(1), 20-23.

 

Terhune, D. B., Tai, S., Cowey, A., Popescu, T., & Kadosh, R. C. (2011) Enhanced cortical excitability in grapheme-color synesthesia and its modulation. Current Biology, 21(23), 2006-2009.

 

Tomson, S. N., Avidan, N., Lee, K., Sarma, A. K., Tushe, R., Milewicz, D. M., ... & Eagleman, D. M. (2011) The genetics of colored sequence synesthesia: suggestive evidence of linkage to 16q and genetic heterogeneity for the condition. Behavioural brain research, 223(1), 48-52.

 

Van Leeuwen, T. M., Den Ouden, H. E., & Hagoort, P. (2011) Effective connectivity determines the nature of subjective experience in grapheme-color synesthesia. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(27), 9879-9884.